Alexander Karamanov

Professor Alexander KARAMANOV, Ph.D.

Prof. Alexander Karamanov
Institute of Physical Chemistry
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
ul. Acad. G. Bonchev, blok 11
Sofia 1113



Personal site



born 1962
Master of Sciences in Chemical Engineering: Glass and Ceramic Materials, 1986
University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia
Ph. D. Degree: Institute of Physical Chemistry, Sofia, 1996 - thesis: Building sintered glass-ceramic materials (tutor Prof. I. Gutzow)

- Institute of Physical Chemistry, Sofia Ph.D. student 1989-1992
- Vitroma Ltd, Sofia Vice president 1993-1996
- Glass Factory STIND Ltd, Sofia Engineer 1994-1996
- University of L'Aquila, Italy Postdoctoral Research Associate 1997-2000 ( EC Project BRE2-CT94-1018)
- University of L'Aquila, Italy Scientific Consultant and Lector 2001-2007
- Institute of Physical Chemistry, Sofia, Associated Professor 2006-2011
- Institute of Physical Chemistry, Sofia, Professor since 2011


Fields of Specialisation
- synthesis and characterisation of glasses, glass-ceramics and ceramics materials;
- waste vitrification;
- kinetics of phase formation and sintering in amorphous materials;
- theory and application of sinter-crystallisation technology;
- formation of induced crystallisation porosity

Head of the experimental vitrifications of hazardous wastes, realised in the pilot melting furnace in Iglesias (Sardinia-Italy)
1999 and 2000 (EC Project BRE2-CT94-1018); 2001 and 2002 (UNIDO courses for environmental protection)


Scientific Activity
- 48 publications in refereed international journals
- 62 publications in proceedings volumes of international conferences
- 6 Bulgarian patents
- 5 medals from International Exhibitions
- more that 1100 citations in refereed international journals, h index = 19
- Participant and/or Coordinator of 3 EU and 5 National Scientific Projects
- Scientific referee of mote than 150 articles in about 20 peer review journals


Honours, Awards, Fellowships, Membership of Professional Societies
- The Special Prize of Bulgarian Patent Association 1993
- Member of the Consultative Counsel of Ministry of Environmental and Water - Bulgaria


Publications in international journals:

  1. Karamanov A., Gutzow I., Penkov I., "Diopside Marble-like Glass-Ceramics", Glastech. Ber., Glass Sci. Tech., 67, [7], 1994, 202-208
  2. Karamanov A., Gutzow I. Chomacov I., "Synthesis of Wall-covering Glass-Ceramics from waste raw Materials", Glastech.. Ber., Glass Sci. Tech., 67, [8], 1994, 227-231
  3. Gutzow. I., Paskova R., Karamanov A., Schmelzer J., "The Kinetics of Surface Induced Sinter-crystallization and the Formation of Glass-Ceramic Materials", J. Mater. Sci., 33 [21], 1998, 5265-5273
  4. Karamanov A., Pelino M., "Evaluation of the Degree of Crystallisation in Glass-Ceramics by Density Measurements", J. European Cer. Soc., 19 [5], 1999, 649-654
  5. Karamanov A., Cantalini C., Pelino M., Hreglich A., "Kinetics of Phase Formation in Jarosite Glass-Ceramics", J. European Cer. Soc., 19 [4], 1999, 527-533
  6. Karamanov A., Pisciella P. Pelino M., "The Effect of Cr2O3 as Nucleating Agent in Iron Rich Glass-Ceramics", J. European Cer. Soc., 19 [15], 1999, 2641-2645
  7. Karamanov A., Taglieri G., Pelino M., "Iron-Rich Sintered Glass-Ceramics from Industrial Wastes", J. American Cer. Soc., 82 [11], 1999, 3012-3016
  8. Karamanov A., Pisciella P., Pelino M., "The Crystallisation Kinetics of Iron Rich Glasses in Different Atmospheres", J. European Cer. Soc., 20 [12], 2000, 2233-2237
  9. Karamanov A., Pisciella P., Cantalini C. and Pelino M., "The Influence of the Fe3+ /Fe2+ Ratio on the Crystallization of Iron-rich Glasses from Industrial Wastes", J. American Cer. Soc., 81 [12], 2000, 3153-3157
  10. Pisciella P., Crisucci S., Karamanov A., Pelino M., "Chemical Durability of Glasses Obtained by Vitrification of Industrial Wastes", Waste Management, 21, 2001, 1-9
  11. Karamanov A., Pelino M., "Crystallization Phenomena in Iron Rich Glasses", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 281 [1-3], 2001, 139-151
  12. Karamanov A., Vitale A., Hreglich S., Pelino M., "Sinter-Crystallisation of glass from MSW", Mat. Eng. J., 12 [2], 2001, 43-53
  13. Karamanov A., .Di Gioaccino R., Pisciella P, Pelino M., "Glass Transformation Range of Iron-Rich Glass and Glass-Ceramics", Glass Technology, 42, 2001, 126-129
  14. Karamanov A., Pelino, M., "Influence of time-lag on the activation energy in non-isothermal crystallization", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 290, 2001, 173-179
  15. Pelino M, Karamanov A. "Reply to "comment on " "The Influence of the Fe3+ /Fe2+ Ratio on the Crystallization of Iron-rich Glasses from Industrial Wastes", J. American Cer. Soc., 84 [11], 2001, 2742-43
  16. Karamanov A., Di Gioacchino R., Pisciella P. Pelino M., "Viscosity of iron-rich glasses from industrial wastes", Glass Technology, 43, 2002, 34-38
  17. Pelino M, Karamanov A., Pisciella P., Zanneti D. Crisucci S, "Vitrification of Electric Arc Furnace Dusts", Waste Management, 22, 2002, 945-949
  18. Karamanov A., Pelino M., Hreglich A., "Sintered Glass-Ceramics from MSW-Incinerator Fly Ashes, Part I: The influence of the heating rate on the sinter-crystallisation.", J. European Cer. Soc., 23, 2003, 827-832
  19. Karamanov A., Pelino M., Ferraris M, Metecovitz I, "Sintered Glass-Ceramics from MSW-Incinerator Fly Ashes, Part II. The influence of the particle size and heat-treatment on the properties", J. European Cer. Soc., 23, 2003, 1609-16015
  20. Karamanov A., Taglieri G., Pelino M., "Sintering Behavior and Properties of Iron-Rich Glass-Ceramics", J. American Cer. Soc., 87, 8, 2004, 1571-1574
  21. Karamanov A., Taglieri G., Pelino M., "Sintering in nitrogen atmosphere of iron-rich glass-ceramics", J. American Cer. Soc., 87, 7, 2004, 1354-1357
  22. Karamanov A., Arrizza L., Matecovetc I., Pelino M., "Properties of sintering glass-ceramics belonging to the system diopside-albite", Ceramics International, 30, 2004, 2129-2135
  23. Aloisi M, Karamanov A., Pelino M., "The sintering behaviour of MSWI ash glass", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 345-346, 2004, 192-196
  24. Karamanov A, Aloisi M., Pelino M., "Sintering behaviour of a glass obtained from MSWI ash" J. European Cer. Soc., 25, 2005, 1531-1540
  25. Karamanov A., Karamanova E., Ferrante F., Pelino M., "The effect of scrap addition on the sintering behavior of hard porcelain", Ceramics International, 32, 2006, 727-732
  26. Karamanov A, Pelino M., "Sinter-Crystallization in the System Diopside-Albite, Part I. Formation of Induced Crystallisation Porosity", J. European Cer. Soc., 26, 2006, 2511-2517
  27. Karamanov A, Pelino M., "Sinter-Crystallization in the System Diopside-Albite, Part II. Kinetics of Crystallization and Sintering", J. European Cer. Soc., 26, 2006, 2519-2526
  28. Aloisi M., Karamanov A., Taglieri G., Ferrante F. Pelino M., "Glass-Ceramics and Glass-Ceramic Composite Sintered by Vitrified MSW", J. Hazardous Mat., B137, 2006, 138-143
  29. Karamanov A., Aloisi M., Pelino M., "Vitrification of Copper Flotation Waste", J. Hazardous Mat., 140, 2007, 333-339
  30. Ergul S., Akyildiz M., Karamanov A., "Ceramic Material from Basaltic Tuffs", Industrial Ceramics, 37, 2, 2007, 75-80
  31. Karamanov A., Pelino M., "Induced Crystallization Porosity and Properties of Sintered Diopside and Wollastonite Glass-Ceramics", J. European Cer. Soc., 28, 2008, 555-562
  32. Karamanov A., Ergul S., Akyildiz M., Pelino M., "Sinter-Crystallization of a Glass Obtained from Basaltic Tuffs", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 354, 2008, 290-295
  33. Barbieri L., Karamanov A., Corradi A., Lancellotti I., Pelino M., Rincon J., "Microstructural, Chemical and Thermal Study of Glasses Containing Oxide-Based Wastes", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 354, 2008, 521-528
  34. Karamanova E., Karamanov A., "Glass-Ceramic Frits by Fly Ash in Terracotta Production", Waste Management & Research, 27, 1, 2009, 87-92
  35. Karamanov A., "Granite-like materials from hazardous wastes obtained by sinter-crystallization of glass frits", Advances in Applied Ceramics, 108, 1, 2009, 14-21
  36. Karamanov A., Arrizza L., Ergul S., "Sintered Material From Alkaline Basaltic Tuffs", J. European Cer. Soc., 29, 2009, 595-601
  37. Ergul S., Ferrante F., Pisciella P., Karamanov A., Pelino M., "Characterization of basaltic tuffs and their applications for the production of ceramic and glass-ceramic materials", Ceramics International, 35, 7, 2009, 2789-2795
  38. Karamanov A., Georgieva I., Pascova R., Avramov I., "Pore Formation in Glass Ceramics: Influence of the Stress Energy Distribution", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 356, 117-119, 2010
  39. Schabbach L, Andreola F., Karamanova E., Lancellotti I., Karamanov A., Barbieri L. "Integrated approach to establish the sinter-crystallisation ability of glasses from secondary raw material", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 357, 10-17, 2011
  40. Karamanova E., Avdeev G., Karamanov A., "New Building Ceramics based on Blast Furnace Slag", J. European Ceramic Society, 31, 989-998, 2011
  41. Andreola F., Barbieri L., Lancellotti I., Schabbach L.M., Karamanova E., Karamanov A., "Building ceramic products based on secondary raw materials (SRM)", Sklar a keramik, 9-10, 222-225, 2011
  42. Schabbach L.M., Andreola F., Barbieri L., Lancellotti I., Karamanova E., Ranguelov B., Karamanov A., "Post-treated incinerator bottom ash as alternative raw material for ceramic manufacturing", J. European Ceramic Society, 32, 2843-2852, 2012
  43. Karamanov A., Avramov I., Arrizza L., Pascova R., Gutzow I., "Variation of Avrami parameter during non-isothermal surface crystallization of glass powders with different sizes", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 358, 1486-1490, 2012
  44. Andreola F., Barbieri L., Lancellotti I., Schabbach L.M., Karamanova E., Karamanov A., "Building ceramic products obtained from refractory clay and post-treated MSW bottom ash", Tiles & Bricks International, 2, 33-41, 2012
  45. Karamanov A., Dzhantov B., Paganelli M, Sighinolfi D., "Glass Transition Temperature and Activation Energy of Sintering by Optical Dilatometry", Thermochemica Acta, 553 1-7, 2013
  46. Karamanov A., Maccarini Schabbach L., Karamanova E., Andreola F., Barbieri L., Ranguelov B., Avdeev G., Lancellotti I., "Sinter-crystallization in air and inert atmospheres of a glass from pre-treated municipal solid waste bottom ashes", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 389 50-59, 2014
  47. Karamanov A., "Vitrification and Sinter-Crystallization of Iron-Rich Industrial Wastes", Advances in Science and Technology, 92 174-183, 2014
  48. Fokin Vladimir M., Karamanov A., Abyzov Alexander S., Schmelzer Jurn W. P., Zanotto Edgar D., "Stress-induced Pore Formation and Phase Selection in a Crystallizing Stretched Glass, in: Glass-Selected Properties and Crystallization, Jurn W. P. Schmelzer (Editor)", De Gruyter, 441-479, 2014
  49. Kamusheva A., Hamzawy E., Karamanov A., "Crystallization and structure of glass-ceramic from electric arc furnace slag", J. University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 50, 4, 2015, 512-519
  50. Ljatifi E., Kamusheva A., Grozdanov A., Paunović, Karamanov A., "Optimal thermal cycle for production of glass-ceramic based on wastes from ferronickel manufacture", Ceramic International, 41, 2015, 11379–11386
  51. Avramova K., Karamanov A., I. Avramov, "Variations in non-isothermal surface crystallization kinetics due to minor composition changes", J. Non-Crystalline Solids, 428, 2015 49–53
  52. Ljatifi E., Kamusheva A., Nacevski G., Karamanova E., Petrovski A., Grozdanov A., Karamanov A., Paunović P., "Thermal and Enviromental Charateristics of Glass produced from Metallurgical Wastes", Materials and Environmental Protection, 1, 2015, 11-18
  53. Kamusheva A., Karamanov A., "Pycnometric evaluation of crystallinity and porosity in pyroxene glass-ceramics from industrial wastes", Chemistry: Bulgarian Journal of Science Education, Vol. 25 Number 1, 2016, 21-34
  54. Taurino R., Karamanov A., Rosa R., Karamanova E., Barbieri L., Atanasova-Vladimirova S., Avdeev G., Leonelli C., "New ceramic materials from MSWI bottom ash obtained by an innovative microwave-assisted sintering process", J. European Cer. Soc., 2016 (in press).